City and Surroundings



Valencia is Spanish city located by the Turia river on the coast of Mediterranean Sea. It's a capital ofprovince and    autonomous community with the same name. It's the third largest city in Spain. Geographically Valencia is     located in the middle of 930 ha fertile lowland. It's surrounded by orchard region named Huerta de Valencia. City is located about 300 km east from Madrid, 300 km south from Barcelona, about 250 west from Mallorca and about 250 km north from Cartagena . Valencia is situated in subtropical climate zone, Mediterranean type with very mild winters and long warm, sometimes hot summers. Average annual temperature is 23˚C during the day and 14 ˚C at night.
Sightseeing Valencia brings most pleasure in March when it's already fairly warm and when big Las Fallas festival is organized. It's also worth coming in August to see La Tomatina – big tomato battle in nearby town Bunol.
Numerous churches and cathedrals are tourist attractions of Valencia. The oldest cathedral dates back to XIII century and combines three architectural styles: roman, gothic and baroque. According to old passages St. Graal is located there. At the back of the cathedral baroque church Basilica de la Virge dels Desamparats is situated. One of the most interesting buildings in Valencia is La Lonya – silk exchange. The building is built in gothic style. Modernistic market hall from the beginning of XX century is also interesting place as well as are numerous museums and art galleries. In Museo Provincial de Bellas Artes (Museum of Fine Arts) you can find paintings of such painters as El Greco, Goya and Velasquez. There are also many green areas in the city such as antique Jadri Botanic (Botanic Garden) from XVI century and XVIII century parks Jardins de l'Alameda and Jardins de Monfort. Contemporary Valencia is called a city of hundred campaniles. Most famous of them are Miguelete Tower (built in 1381-1424) adjacent to cathedral and hexagonal tower Santa Catalina (built in 1688-1705) which are excellent examples of Valencian baroque.
Apart from numerous monuments, beautiful beaches and many interesting cultural objects, Valencia is also famous of rich social life, many events and picnics which are an additional attraction for visitors. The biggest holiday of the region is Las Fallas (Fire Holiday), which is organized on 15th of March. Main element of the holiday are sculptures made of carton, wax and wood which are burnt at the end of a few days festival. Valencia is also famous of the Water Tribunal (Tribunal de las Aguas), which continuously from around year 960 is considering complaints concerning irrigation system and brings justice (everything is done verbally in Valencian dialect). Water Tribunal meet every Thursday (at midday) in front of the cathedral door which opens to Plaza de la Constitution. Apart from this Valencia is famous of modern music such as club music, as well as techno and hip-hop. When sightseeing this interesting and charming city it's worthy to taste Valencian culinary specialty – Paella Valenciana.
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